What is BHO (Butane hash oil)?

The landscape of cannabis consumption has diversified significantly, and among the notable additions is Butane Hash Oil (BHO). Often called a game-changer, BHO offers an intense experience compared to traditional methods. This comprehensive exploration will shed light on what BHO is, its production, and its implications.

What is Butane Hash Oil (BHO)?

The Basics of BHO

Butane Hash Oil is a potent cannabis concentrate with a THC concentration of up to 90%, known for its varied forms ranging from oily to hard and glassy. Produced through solvent extraction using butane, BHO separates cannabinoids and terpenes from the cannabis plant​​​​​​​​​​.

Types of BHO

BHO comes in several consistencies, each with unique characteristics:

  • Honey Oil: Gooey, honey-like consistency.
  • Budder: Smooth like butter, between honey oil and wax.
  • Wax or Honeycomb: Solid, waxlike consistency.
  • Crumble: Solid and crumbly wax form.
  • Pull-and-snap: Taffy-like, easy to break off.
  • Shatter: Hard and glasslike, prone to breaking​​.

Production Process

The production involves putting marijuana plant material in a container and forcing butane through it. The process extracts cannabinoids, leaving a potent residue after purging the butane​​.

The Growing Popularity of BHO

Traditionally, marijuana was consumed by smoking or in edibles. Now, with BHO, users have a potent new way to enjoy both recreational and medical marijuana​​.

BHO’s popularity, especially in the USA and Australia, is linked to the liberalization of cannabis laws. Its high THC concentration (about 80%) offers a more intense experience than traditional cannabis (10-25% THC)​​.

Health and Safety Concerns

The production of BHO, involving volatile butane, poses risks like fires, burns, and explosions. It’s recommended only for experienced individuals with proper knowledge and equipment​.

BHO’s high THC content raises concerns about addiction, tolerance, and withdrawal symptoms. Unlike smoking marijuana flower, BHO allows ingestion of large amounts of cannabinoids quickly​​​​.

BHO vs Traditional Cannabis

BHO is significantly more potent than traditional hash or kief, with its THC content reaching up to 80%. This heightened potency can lead to an unexpectedly intense high for regular hash smokers​​.

BHO can be smoked using a method called dabbing, which requires special rigs. These rigs can range from $50 to $50,000​​.

The Scientific and Medical Perspective

Scientists are now focusing on concentrates that balance THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids and terpenes. This combination, known as the entourage effect, is believed to provide more therapeutic benefits than isolated compounds​​.

High-CBD BHO strains are useful for pain relief and can alleviate seizures, anxiety, and depression. CBD, when combined with THC, can counteract THC’s psychoactive effects​​.


BHO represents a significant evolution in cannabis consumption, offering potent effects and diverse applications. While its popularity grows, so does the importance of understanding its production risks and health implications.