Tetrahydrocannabiphorol, commonly known as THCP, has sparked interest and debate in the cannabis community. A key question arises: Is THCP a synthetic compound? To answer this, it’s essential to explore THCP’s origins, production methods, and its distinction from other cannabinoids.
Is THCP Natural or Synthetic?
THCP is indeed one of the 140 phytocannabinoids produced by cannabis plants, but it exists in very low natural concentrations, typically below 0.1%. In contrast, THC levels in marijuana can reach up to 30%, and CBD levels in hemp usually hit around 10% for high-quality plants. Due to its trace amounts in cannabis, THCP needs to be synthesized from other cannabinoids like CBD for practical use and study.
The cannabis plant produces more than 140 phytocannabinoids; the most well-known are cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (top).https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/the-scientific-history-of-cannabinoids-180981561/
In laboratories, THCP is typically synthesized from high CBD hemp. This process involves converting one cannabinoid into another, similar to the conversion of CBGa into various other cannabinoids like THC and CBD. Various chemical reactions, such as oxidation, reduction, and isomerization, are employed to modify the molecular structure of a cannabinoid, resulting in a semi-synthetic version of THCP.
While THCP is created using a semi-synthetic process, it’s not a true synthetic cannabinoid like those found in products such as “Spice” and “K2”. These true synthetic cannabinoids are entirely lab-created and do not derive from any naturally occurring cannabinoids. In contrast, THCP, though largely created in labs, uses natural cannabinoids like those found in hemp-derived CBD extracts as precursors.
The Discovery of THCp
THCp was identified relatively recently, adding a new layer to our understanding of cannabis. Its discovery was a result of advanced analytical techniques, which allowed scientists to isolate and identify this unique cannabinoid. The process of its identification and the subsequent research have been pivotal in understanding its nature and potential.
The question of whether THCp is synthetic or natural stems from its rarity and the methods used to study it. While it is a naturally occurring compound in the cannabis plant, its low concentration has led to challenges in studying its effects and properties directly from plant extracts. This has necessitated the synthesis of THCp in the laboratory for research purposes.
Implications of Classification
The classification of THCp as either synthetic or natural has significant implications. If considered synthetic, it could face stricter regulations and skepticism regarding its safety and efficacy. However, as a natural cannabinoid, THCp could benefit from the growing acceptance and interest in the therapeutic potential of cannabis-derived compounds.